ONE STOP FOR DENTAL HEALTH



Friday, February 17, 2012

DENTAL CARE AND PREGNANCY


It would be the happiest moment to know that you are going to be a mom. At the same time it is very important and very crucial to take at most care of your overall health which also includes your oral health.


You may have heard of an old saying “you lose a tooth for every pregnancy”. In a way that is true.  It is quite common to have dental problems during pregnancy. It is important to visit a dentist before getting pregnant. This way your overall oral health will be examined and oral health problems can be treated in advance of your pregnancy.

Most common problem faced during pregnancy is pregnancy gingivitis. Your teeth and gums are affected by pregnancy just as other tissues in your body. You may observe swollen gums, bleeding gums and it’s caused due to the bacteria that grow on teeth resulting in plaque. This plaque irritates the gums causing bleeding. This condition is termed pregnancy gingivitis.

The hormonal changes during pregnancy alter the way the body responds against the bacteria leading to gum disease. As these bacteria can enter the bloodstream, they can travel all the way down to the uterus. This can trigger the body to produce prostaglandins which control inflammation and cause smooth muscle contraction leading to premature births and low birth-weights.

If gingivitis is not treated at the earliest it may progress to a more chronic form known as periodontal disease wherein the supporting gum tissues and the bone are corroded away leading to loosening of teeth.

pregnancy gingivitis can be treated by a professional cleaning of teeth and removes plaque. In severe cases, a procedure to clean the roots of your teeth known as root planning may be required.

To prevent gum disease:
  •  Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day preferably after every meal. 
  • Use mouth wash and floss. If you suffer from morning sickness rinse your mouth with water to neutralize the acid caused by vomiting. 
  • Your baby’s teeth begin to develop about three months into pregnancy  hence eat a healthy balanced diet rich in Vitamin B12 and C, dairy products rich in calcium and minerals that is good for baby’s teeth, gums and bone.
  • Schedule routine checkups and dental cleanings.

Care to be taken during pregnancy:
  • Avoid dental procedures during your first and third trimesters as these are the critical times of your 
  • Baby’s growth and development.
  • Avoid dental X-rays.
  • Avoid antibiotics such as tetracycline which cause discoloration of your baby’s teeth.
  • Any emergency dental procedures like fillings, root canal treatment or crowns are safe to be performed during your second trimester.

Be healthy and keep your baby healthy !!!!

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